Quality and Community Structure

Julia Burton, Eric Zenner, Lee Frelich

How can silviculture be used to create old-growth structure in northern hardwoods forests?  Old-growth characteristics were evaluated along the north shore of Lake Superior to develop prescriptions for cutting nearby younger stands.  Natural disturbances create small gaps, which can be silviculturally recreated in younger forests to achieve management goals such as enhanced wildlife habitat and higher stem quality.


Burton, J.I., E.K. Zenner, L.E. Frelich, and M.W. Cornett.  2009.  Patterns of plant community structure within and among primary and second-growth northern hardwood forest stands.  Forest Ecology and Management 258:2556-2568.

Burton, J.I., E.K. Zenner, and L.E. Frelich.  2008.  Frost crack incidence in primary and mature to old second-growth hardwood forests of the southern boreal – northern temperate transition zone.  Northern Journal of Applied Forestry 25:133-138.