Structural Complexity in Old-Growth
Eric Zenner, R. Akhavan, K. Sagheb-Talebi, Steve
Acker, Bill Emmingham, B. Commarmot, M. Hobi
How do you characterize the structural complexity of a forested stand? One approach is to evaluate the relationship of a tree to its neighboring trees and determine the degree of difference (the gradient) in the magnitude of the diameter or height.
Zenner, E.K., J.E. Peck, M.L. Hobi, and B. Commarmot. 2015. The dynamics of structure across a primeval European beech stand. Forestry, in press.
Zenner, E.K., K. Sagheb-Talebi, R. Akhavan, and J.E. Peck. 2015. Integration of small-scale canopy dynamics smoothes live-tree structural complexity across development stages in old-growth Oriental beech (Fagus orientalis Lipsky) forests at the multi-gap scale. Forest Ecology and Management 335:26-36.
Akhavan, R., K. Sagheb-Talebi, E.K. Zenner, F. Safavimanesh. 2012. Spatial patterns in different forest development stages of an intact old-growth Oriental beech forest in the Caspian region of Iran. European Journal of Forest Research 131:1355-1366.
Zenner, E.K. 2004. Does old-growth condition imply high live-tree structural complexity? Forest Ecology and Management 195:243-258.
Zenner, E.K., S.A. Acker, and W.H. Emmingham. 1998. Growth reduction in harvest-age coniferous forests with residual trees in the western central Cascade Range of Oregon. Forest Ecology and Management 102:75-88.
Acker, S.A., E.K. Zenner, and W.H. Emmingham. 1998. Structure and yield of two-aged stands on the Willamette National Forest, Oregon: Implications for green-tree retention. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 28:749-758.