The Development of Forest Heterogeneity

Eric Zenner

How you characterize forest stand structure has a lot to do with where you are standing and what indices you use. Because many tools are dependent on spatial scale, using a diversity of metrics and reference points lets us more accurately characterize structure, which then provide clues to the development of forests subjected to various disturbances.


Zenner, E.K., E. Lähde, and O. Laiho.  2011.  Contrasting the temporal dynamics of stand structure in even-sized and uneven-sized Picea abies dominated stands.  Canadian Journal of Forest Research 41:289-299.

Zenner, E.K. 2005.   Investigating scale-dependent stand heterogeneity with structure area curves.  Forest Ecology and Management 209:87-100.

Zenner, E.K. 2005.   Development of tree size distributions in Douglas-fir forests under differing disturbance regimes.  Ecological Applications 15:701-714.

Zenner, E.K. 2000.  Do residual trees increase structural heterogeneity in Pacific Northwest coniferous forests?  Ecological Applications 10:800-810.