Overstory Structure of Mature Red Pine

Eric Zenner, Jeri Peck

To restore the landscape mosaic, we need structural targets for mature managed stands as well as old-growth.  This project provides data on the natural range of variation in mature red pine (MN) and eastern hardwood (PA) stands and evaluates our ability to characterize structural variation in plots up to 1 ha in area.


Zenner, E.K. and J.E. Peck. 2009. Characterizing structural conditions in mature managed red pine:  Spatial dependency of metrics and adequacy of plot size. Forest Ecology and Management 257:311-320.

Zenner, E.K. and J.E. Peck. 2009. Maintaining the pine legacy in Itasca State Park. Natural Areas Journal 29:157-166.