Henry Lin, Ph.D.

  • Professor of Hydropedology/Soil Hydrology
Henry Lin, Ph.D.
444 ASI (Agricultural Sciences and Industries Building)
University Park, PA 16802
Work Phone: 814-865-6726

Areas of Expertise

  • Hydropedology, Soil Physics, Hydrology, Pedology
  • Critical Zone Science, Ecosystem Science, Complexity Science
  • Geospatial and Environmental Modeling, Scientific Visualization


  1. Ph.D. Texas A&M University

Professional Activities and Interests

  • Teaching graduate-level Environmental Soil Physics and undergraduate-level Hydropedology courses
  • Author/co-author of over 200 publications (132 refereed journal articles, 1 book, 26 book chapters, 12 special issues of various journals, and >40 other technical publications)
  • Excellent Associate Editor, Vadose Zone Journal, 2017
  • Outstanding Research Award, Northeastern Branch of the American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, and Soil Science Society of America, 2015
  • Fellow, Agronomy Society of America, 2014
  • Fellow, Soil Science Society of America, 2013
  • Editor, Water (2015-present)
  • Review Editor, Frontiers in Earth Science (2014–present)
  • Associate Editor, Vadose Zone Journal (2013-present)
  • Associate Editor, Hydrological Processes (2013-present)
  • Founding chair of Hydropedology Working Group of the Soil Science Society of America (2003) and of the International Union of Soil Sciences (2005)
  • Co-Chair, Soil Science and Critical Zone Committee, American Geophysical Union (2016–present)
  • Advisory Board Member of  TERENO (Terrestrial Environmental Observatoria), Germany (2008–present)

Refereed Journal Articles (since 2010 only)

  1. Guo L, H.S. Lin. 2018. Addressing Two Bottlenecks to Advance the Understanding of Preferential Flow in Soils. Advances in Agronomy, 147:61-117.
  2. Nyquist J, Toran L, Pitman L, Guo L, H.S. Lin. 2018. Testing the Fill-and-Spill Model of Subsurface Flow Using GPR and Dye Tracing. Vadose Zone Journal 16:1-12. doi: 10.2136/vzj2017.07.0142.
  3. Gu, W.Z., J.F. Liu, H.S. Lin, H.W. Liu, A.M. Liao, N. Wang, W.Z. Wang, T. Ma, N. Yang, X.G. Li, P. Zhuo, Z. Cai. 2018. Why hydrological maze: The hydropedological trigger? – A review of experiments from natural and artificial catchments at the Chuzhou Hydrology Laboratory. Vadose Zone Journal.
  4. Ma, Y.J., Y.N. Wu, W.L. Liu, X.Y. Li, and H.S. Lin. 2018. Soil climate responses to plateau pika’s disturbances on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. European Journal of Soil Sci. doi: 10.1111/ejss.12540.
  5. Fu, W., Y. Shao, C. Pang, Y. Zhang, X. Huang, X. Zeng, M. Yang, and H.S. Lin. 2018. Garnierite mineralization from a serpentinite-derived lateritic regolith, Sulawesi Island, Indonesia: Mineralogy, geochemistry and link to hydrologic flow regime. Journal of Geochemical Exploration 188:240–256.
  6. Tao, W.H., Q.J. Wang, H.S. Lin. 2018. Approximated analytical solutions for describing surface runoff and sediment transport over hillslope. Journal of Hydrology (in press).
  7. Wang, Z. H., R.K. Liao, H.S. Lin, G.J. Jiang, X. L. He, W.Y. Wu, and L. Zhangzhong. 2018. Effects of drip irrigation levels on soil water, salinity and wheat growth in North China. International Journal of Agricultural & Biological Engineering 11:146–156.
  8. Baldwin, D., K.J. Naithani, and H.S. Lin. 2017. Integrated soil-terrain stratification for characterizing catchment-scale soil moisture variation. Geoderma 285:260-269.
  9. Ma, Y., X. Li, L. Guo, and H.S. Lin. 2017. Hydropedology: Interactions between Pedologic and Hydrologic Processes across Spatiotemporal Scales. Earth-Science Reviews 171:181-195.
  10. Tie, Q., H. Hu, F. Tian, H. Guan, H.S. Lin. 2017. Environmental and physiological controls on sap flow in a subhumid mountainous catchment in North China. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 240:46–57.
  11. Duncan, E.W., P.J.A Kleinman, G.J. Folmar, L. Saporito, G.W. Feyereisen, A.R. Buda, L. Vitko, A. Collick, P. Drohan, H.S. Lin, R.B. Bryant, and D.B. Beegle. 2017. Field scale lysimeters to assess nutrient management impacts on runoff. Transactions of the ASABE 60:419-429.
  12. Yu, Y., H.S. Lin, Z. Jin, G. Chu, and J. Zhang. 2017. Ammonia dynamics in reservoirs in response to rainfall events in a gully-filled loess catchment in Yan’an City, Shaanxi Province. Quaternary Sciences 37(6) (In Chinese, with English abstract).
  13. Wiekenkamp, I., J.A. Huisman, H.R. Bogena, H.S. Lin, and H. Vereecken. 2016. Spatial and Temporal Occurrence of Preferential Flow in a Forested Headwater Catchment. Journal of Hydrology 534:139–149.
  14. Wiekenkamp, I., J.A. Huisman, H.S. Lin, H.R. Bogena, and H. Vereecken. 2016. Deforestation effects on soil moisture patterns and water fluxes in a headwater catchment J. of Hydrology 542:648-661.
  15. Brantley, S.L., R. DiBiase, T. Russo, Y. Shi, H.S. Lin, K. J. Davis, M. Kaye, L. Hill, J. Kaye, A. L. Neal, D. Eissenstat, B. Hoagland, A. Dere. 2016. Designing a suite of measurements to understand the critical zone. Earth Surface Dynamics 4:211–235. doi:10.5194/esurf-4-211-2016.
  16. Guo, L., and H.S. Lin 2016. Critical Zone research and observatories: Current status and future perspectives. Vadose Zone J. doi:10.2136/vzj2015.
  17. Hopkins, I., H. E. Gall, and H.S. Lin. 2016. Natural and anthropogenic controls on the frequency of preferential flow occurrence in a wastewater spray irrigation field. Agricultural Water Management 178:248–257.
  18. Miller, M.P., E. W. Boyer, D. M. McKnight, M. G. Brown, R. S. Gabor, C. T. Hunsaker, L. Iavorivska, S. Inamdar, D. W. Johnson, L. A. Kaplan, H.S. Lin, W. H. McDowell, J. N. Perdrial. 2016. Regional variation in organic matter quantity and quality among five Critical Zone Observatories. Water Resources Research (in press)
  19. Wang, M., B. Lu, J. Wang, H. Zhang, L. Guo, H.S. Lin. 2016. Using dual isotopes and a Bayesian isotope mixing model to evaluate nitrate sources of surface water in a drinking water source watershed, East China. Water 8(8), 355; doi:10.3390/w8080355.
  20. Zhang, Z.B., H. Zhou, H.S. Lin, and X. Peng. 2016. Puddling intensity, sesquioxides, and soil organic carbon impacts on crack patterns of two paddy soils. Geoderma 262:155-164.
  21. Gaines, K.P., J. W. Stanley, F.C. Meinzer, K.A. McCulloh, D.R. Woodruff, W. Chen, T.S. Adams, H.S. Lin, and D. M. Eissenstat. 2016. Reliance on shallow soil water in a mixed-hardwood forest in central Pennsylvania. Tree Physiology. 36:444-458. doi: 10.1093/treephys/tpv113.
  22. Huang, J.Y. , H. Yu, H.S. Lin, Y. Zhang, E.B. Searle, and Z. Yuan. 2016. Water- and N-induced changes in Soil C:N:P stoichiometry and its indication for N limitation of a desert steppe species Glycyrrhiza Uralensis. Plant and Soil 399:221-232. doi:10.1007/s11104-015-2649-4.
  23. Lin, H.S., and R. Horn. 2015. United Nations highlights soil crisis. Nature 517:553. doi:10.1038/517553d
  24. Lin, H.S. 2015. Thermodynamic entropy fluxes reflect ecosystem characteristics and succession. Ecological Modelling 298:75-86.
  25. Lin, H.S., H.J. Vogel, J. Phillips, and B. Fath. 2015. Complexity of soils and hydrology in ecosystems. Ecological Modelling 298:1-3.
  26. Lin, H.S., and A.J. Lin. 2015. Caring for soils for a sustainable world. Soil Horizons Vol. 56 No. 2. doi:10.2136/sh2015-56-2-rc2.
  27. Lin, H.S., P. Drohan, and T.R. Green. 2015. Hydropedology - The Last Decade and the Next Decade. Soil Science Society of America Journal. 79:357-361. doi:10.2136/sssaj2015.02.0069.
  28. Liu, H., and H.S. Lin. 2015. Temporal and spatial patterns of preferential flow occurrence in the Shale Hills catchment: From pedon to catchment scales. Soil Science Society of America Journal 79:362-377. doi:10.2136/sssaj2014.08.0330.
  29. Yu, H., P. Yang, and H.S. Lin. 2015. Spatiotemporal patterns of soil matric potential in the Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory. Vadose Zone J. doi:10.2136/vzj2014.11.0167.
  30. Papanicolaou, A.N., M. Elhakeem, C. G. Wilson, C. L. Burras, L. T. West, H.S. Lin, B. Clark, B. E. Oneal. 2015. Spatial Variability of Saturated Hydraulic Conductivity at the Hillslope Scale: Understanding the Role of Land Management and Erosional Effect. Geoderma 243:58-68.
  31. Zhang, Z.B., X. Peng, H. Zhou, H.S. Lin, H. Sun. 2015. Characterizing preferential flow in cracked paddy soils using computed tomography and breakthrough curve. Soil and Tillage Research 146:53-65.
  32. Lin, H.S., J. McDonnell, J. Nimmo, and Y. Pachepsky. 2015. Hydropedology: Synergistic Integration of Soil Science and Hydrology in the Critical Zone. Hydrological Processes. 29:4559–4561. DOI: 10.1002/hyp.10686.
  33. Quijano, J., and H.S. Lin. 2015. Entropy Production in the Critical Zone: Trends across Different Climates and Ecosystem Stages. Ecological Modelling 313:341–354.
  34. Shi, Y., D.C. Baldwin, K.J. Davis, X., C. J. Duffy, and H.S. Lin. 2015. Resolving High Resolution Soil Moisture Pattern in the Shale Hills Catchment Using a Land Surface Hydrologic Model. Hydrological Processes (in press)
  35. Hasenmueller, E.A., L. Jin, G.E. Stinchcomb, H.S. Lin, S.L. Brantley, and J.P. Kaye. 2015. Topographic controls on the depth distribution of soil CO2 in a small temperate watershed. Applied Geochemistry 63:58-69.
  36. Lin, H.S. 2014. A new worldview of soils. Soil Science Society of America Journal 78:1831-1844. doi:10.2136/sssaj2014.04.0162.
  37. Quijano, J., and H.S. Lin. 2014. Entropy in the Critical Zone: A Comprehensive Review. Entropy 16:3482-3536.
  38. Zhang, J., H.S. Lin, and J. Doolittle. 2014. Soil layering and preferential flow impacts on seasonal changes of GPR signals in two contrasting soils. Geoderma 213:560-569.
  39. Guo, L., H.S. Lin, and J. Chen. 2014. Subsurface Lateral Flow Network on a Hillslope Revealed by Time-lapse Ground Penetrating Radar. Water Resource Research 10.1002/2013WR014603.
  40. Zhang, Z.B., H. Zhou, Q.G. Zhao, H.S. Lin, X. Peng. 2014. Characteristics of cracks in two paddy soils and their impacts on preferential flow. Geoderma 228:114-121.
  41. Yu, X., C. Duffy, D. Baldwin, and H.S. Lin. 2014. The role of macropores and multi-resolution soil survey datasets for distributed surface-subsurface flow modeling. J. Hydro. 516: 97-106.
  42. Yu, H.L., P. Yang, S. Ren, X. He, and H.S. Lin. 2014. Effects of sodic soil reclamation using flue gas desulphurized gypsum on soil pore characteristics, bulk density, and saturated hydraulic conductivity. Soil Science Society of America Journal 78:1201-1213.
  43. Wu, Y., L. Guo, X. Cui, J. Chen, X. Cao, and H.S. Lin. 2014. Ground Penetrating Radar-based Automatic Reconstruction of Three-Dimensional Coarse Root System Architecture. Plant and Soil 383:155-172.
  44. Fan, B., L. Guo, N. Li, J. Chen, H.S. Lin, X. Zhang, M. Shen, Y. Rao, C. Wang, and L. Ma. 2014. Earlier Vegetation Greenup Has Reduced Asian Spring Dust Storms. Scientific Reports 4:6749. DOI: 10.1038/srep06749.
  45. Liu, J.T., X. Chen, H.S. Lin, H. Liu, and H. Song. 2013. A simple geomorphic-based analytical model for predicting the spatial distribution of soil thickness in headwater hillslopes and catchments. Water Resource Research 49:7733-7746.
  46. Guo, L., H.S. Lin, B. Fan, X. Cui, and J. Chen. 2013. Impact of root water content on root biomass estimation using ground penetrating radar: evidence from forward simulations and field controlled experiments. Plant and Soil 371:503-520. DOI 10.1007/s11104-013-1710-4.
  47. Guo, L., H.S. Lin, B. Fan, X. Cui, and J. Chen. 2013. Forward simulation of root's ground penetrating radar signal: simulator development and validation. Plant and Soil 372:487-505. DOI 10.1007/s11104-013-1751-8.
  48. Guo, L., J. Chen, X. Cui, B. Fan, and H.S. Lin. 2013. Application of Ground Penetrating Radar for Coarse Root Detection and Quantification: A Review. Plant and Soil 362:1-23. DOI: 10.1007/s11104-012-1455-5.
  49. Meinzer, R., D. R. Woodruff, D. M. Eissenstat, H.S. Lin, T. Adams, K. A. McCulloh. 2013. Above- and belowground controls on water use by trees of different wood types in an eastern United States deciduous forest. Tree Physiology 33:345-356, doi:10.1093/treephys/tpt012.
  50. Naithani, K.J., D. Baldwin, K. Gaines, H.S. Lin, D.M. Eissenstat. 2013. Spatial distribution of tree species governs the spatio-temporal interaction of leaf area and soil moisture across a landscape. PLoS ONE 8:e58704. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0058704.
  51. Thomas, E., H.S. Lin, C. Duffy, P. Sullivan, G. Holmes, L. Jin, and S. Brantley. 2013. Spatiotemporal Patterns of Stable Isotope Compositions at the Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory: Linkages to Subsurface Hydrologic Processes. Vadose Zone J. doi:10.2136/vzj2013.01.0029.
  52. Lawrence, G.B., I. J. Fernandez, D. D. Richter, D. S. Ross, P. W. Hazlett, S. Bailey, R. Oiumet, R. Warby, A. E. Johnson, H.S. Lin, A. G. Lapenis, T. Sullivan, and J. Kaste. 2013. Measuring environmental change by repeated soil sampling: A North American perspective. J. Environ. Quality 42:623-39, doi:10.2134/jeq2012.0378.
  53. Zhu, Q., H.S. Lin, and D. Doolittle. 2013. Functional soil mapping for site-specific soil moisture and crop yield management. Geoderma 200-201:45-54.
  54. Zhang, Z.B., X., Peng, L.L., Wang, Q.G., Zhao, and H.S. Lin. 2013. Temporal changes of shrinkage behavior of two paddy soils under alternative flooding and drying cycles and its consequences on percolation. Geoderma 192:12-20. DOI: 10.1016/j.geoderma.2012.08.009.
  55. Vogel, H.J., B. Clothier, X.Y. Li, and H.S. Lin. 2013. Hydropedology--A perspective on current research. Vadose Zone J. doi:10.2136/vzj2013.09.0161
  56. Takagi, K. and H.S. Lin. 2012. Changing controls of soil moisture spatial organization in the Shale Hills Catchment. Geoderma 173-174:289-302.
  57. Castellano, M.J., J.P. Kaye, H.S. Lin, and J.P. Schmidt. 2012. Linking Carbon Saturation Concepts to Nitrogen Saturation and Retention. Ecosystems. doi: 10.1007/s10021-011-9501-3.
  58. Tang, J., B. Zhu, T. Wang, X. Cheng, M. Gao, and H.S. Lin. 2012. Subsurface flow processes in sloping cropland of purple soil. Journal of Mountain Science 9:1-9.
  59. Graham, C., and H.S. Lin. 2012. The Hydropedograph toolbox. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss. 9:14231-14271, doi:10.5194/hessd-9-14231-2012.
  60. Lin, H.S. 2011. Three principles of soil change and pedogenesis in time and space. Soil Science Society of America Journal 75:2049-2070.
  61. Lin, H.S. 2011. Hydropedology: Towards new insights into interactive pedologic and hydrologic processes in the landscape. Journal of Hydrology 406:141-145.
  62. Lin, H.S., J. Hopmans, and D. Richter. 2011. Interdisciplinary sciences in a global network of Critical Zone Observatories. Vadose Zone Journal 10:781-785.
  63. Graham, C., and H.S. Lin. 2011. Controls and frequency of preferential flow occurrence: A 175-event analysis. Vadose Zone Journal 10:816-831.
  64. Takagi, K. and H.S. Lin. 2011. Temporal evolution of soil moisture spatial variability in the Shale Hills catchment. Vadose Zone Journal 10:832-842.
  65. Andrews, D.M., H.S. Lin, Q. Zhu, L. Jin, and S.L. Brantley. 2011. Dissolved organic carbon export and soil carbon storage in the Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory. Vadose Zone Journal 10:943-954.
  66. Jin, L., D. M. Andrews, G. H. Holmes, H.S. Lin, and S. L. Brantley. 2011. Opening the "black box": Water chemistry reveals hydrological controls on weathering in the Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory. Vadose Zone Journal 10:928-942.
  67. Castellano, M.J., J.P. Schmidt, J.P. Kaye, C. Walker, C. Graham, H.S. Lin, and C. Dell. 2011. Hydrological controls on heterotrophic soil respiration across an agricultural landscape. Geoderma 162:273-280.
  68. Li, X.Y., S. Contreras, A. Solé-Benet, Y. Cantón, F. Domingo, R. Lázaro, H.S. Lin, B. Van Wesemael, and J. Puigdefábregas. 2011. Controlling factors of infiltration at three spatial scales in a mountainous dry Mediterranean shrubland on dolomite. Catena 86:98-109.
  69. Akbar, T.A., H.S. Lin, and J.P. DeGroote. 2011. Development and Evaluation of GIS-based ArcPRZM-3 System for Spatial Modeling of Groundwater Vulnerability to Pesticide Contamination. Computers & Geosciences 37:822-830.
  70. Zhu, Q., and H.S. Lin. 2011. Impacts of soil properties, terrain attributes, and crop growth on soil moisture in an agricultural landscape. Geoderma 163:45-54.
  71. Lin, H.S. 2010. Sowing the seeds of soil conservation. Science. 327:107.
  72. Lin, H.S. 2010. Linking principles of soil formation and flow regimes. Journal of Hydrology. 393:3-19.
  73. Lin, H.S. 2010. Earth's Critical Zone and hydropedology: Concepts, characteristics, and advances. Hydrology and Earth System Science 14:25-45.
  74. Lin, H.S. 2010. Drivers behind the paper glut. Science. Published online 12 November 2010.
  75. Zhu, Q., H.S. Lin, and J. Doolittle. 2010. Repeated electromagnetic induction surveys for determining subsurface hydrologic dynamics in an agricultural landscape. Soil Science Society of America Journal 74:1750-1762.
  76. Zhu, Q., H.S. Lin, and J. Doolittle. 2010. Repeated electromagnetic induction surveys for improving soil mapping in an agricultural landscape. Soil Science Society of America Journal 74:1763-1774.
  77. Zhu, Q., and H.S. Lin. 2010. Interpolation of soil properties based on combined information of spatial structure, sample size and auxiliary variables. Pedosphere 20:594-606.
  78. Castellano, M.J., J.P. Schmidt, J.P. Kaye, C. Walker, C. Graham, H.S. Lin, and C. Dell. 2010. Hydrological and biogeochemical controls on the timing and magnitude of nitrous oxide flux across an agricultural landscape. Global Change Biology 16:2711-2720.
  79. Zhao, Y., S. Peth, X.Y. Wang, H.S. Lin, and R. Horn. 2010. Temporal stability of surface soil moisture spatial patterns and their controlling factors in a semi-arid steppe. Hydrological Processes 24:2507-2519.
  80. Luo, L.F., H.S. Lin, and S.C. Li. 2010. Quantification of 3-D soil macropore networks in different soil types and land uses. Journal of Hydrology. 393:53-64.
  81. Luo, L.F., H.S. Lin, and J. Schmidt. 2010. Quantitative relationships between soil macropore characteristics and preferential flow and transport. Soil Science Society of America Journal. 74:1929-1937.
  82. Nobles, M.M., L.P. Wilding, and H.S. Lin. 2010. Solute flow pathways in caliche and related clayey soils of the Central Texas Hill Country stepped and non-stepped terrains. Journal of Hydrology. 393:114-122.
  83. Akbar, T.A., and H.S. Lin. 2010. GIS based ArcPRZM-3 model for bentazon leaching towards groundwater. Journal of Environmental Sciences 22:1854-1859.
  84. Williams, M.R., G. W. Feyereisen, G. J. Folmar, and H.S. Lin. 2010. Experimental system for simulating a natural soil temperature profile during freeze-thaw cycles. Applied Engineering in Agriculture. 26: 843-848.
  85. Lin, H.S. 2010. Comments on energy-based pedogenic models by Field and Minasny (2008) and Rasmussen (2008). Soil Science Society of America Journal. 74:337-339.
  86. Lin, H.S., H.J. Vogel, and J. Seibert. 2010. Towards holistic studies of the Earth's Critical Zone: Hydropedology perspectives. Hydrology and Earth System Science 14:479-480.
  87. Lin, H.S., H. Flühler, W. Otten, and H.J. Vogel. 2010. Soil architecture and preferential flow across scales. Journal of Hydrology. 393:1-2.