Tyler Wagner, Ph.D.
- Ph.D., Michigan State University (2006)
- M.S., University of Idaho (2000)
- B.S., University of Idaho (1999)
- Fisheries ecology
- Hierarchical modeling
- Macrosystems ecology
- Ecological stressors
- Species of management concern
- Monitoring and assessment
Quantitative Methods in Ecology
The Ecological Society of America
American Fisheries Society
North American Lake Management Society
Current and Past Research Projects:
Establishing a strategy for assessing the risk of endocrine-disrupting compounds to aquatic and terrestrial organisms
Endocrine disruption is a national and global concern that affects fish, wildlife and human populations. Through interactions with neural, endocrine, and immune systems, endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs) can influence growth, development, reproduction, disease, and mortality, with adverse outcomes for populations, communities, and ecosystems. Within the Chesapeake Bay, understanding the effects of EDCs on fish and wildlife populations has been identified as a priority to help inform natural resource management. Specifically, there is a need for assessing the risk of EDCs to fish and wildlife populations and their health. The risk assessment will integrate our understanding of the (1) population dynamics of the fish or wildlife species of interest, (2) mechanisms through which EDCs interact with individuals, and (3) exposure pathways between sources of EDCs, including hydrological conditions and land use practices, and fish and wildlife populations. This will help identify short and long-term impacts of compounds or classes of chemicals of concern, potential environmental conditions and stressors that may mediate the effects of EDCs, and how land use management practices may reduce exposure to EDCs.
Linking fish health, contaminants, and population dynamics of smallmouth bass populations in the Susquehanna River, Pennsylvania
Since 2005, diseased smallmouth bass have been detected throughout the Susquehanna River and its tributaries raising concern regarding the overall health of smallmouth bass and the Susquehanna River basin. In a collaborative effort with Pennsylvania Fish and Boat Commission, PA Department of Environmental Protection, U.S. Geological Survey, and Penn State University, this project aims to investigate a wide-range of variables (i.e., fish health analysis, contaminants, population modeling, radio telemetry, etc.) to gain a better understanding of factors that could relate to disease in smallmouth bass.
Can plasticity protect populations from rapid environmental fluctuation?
Rates of population extirpation from habitat loss have reached unprecedented levels and climate change is predicted to be a leading cause of future species extinctions. Accordingly, conservation of emergent properties that promote resistance and resilience to environmental perturbation will be vital to future population persistence. Though it has been demonstrated that phenotypic plasticity increases resilience to habitat loss, the ability for plasticity to promote population persistence under climate change and habitat degradation has not been explored. If plasticity does increase survival, failure to conserve highly plastic genotypes could accelerate species extinction. This research focuses on an economically and socially important species, brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis), to determine how the interactive effects of genetics and behavior influence differential survival of fish populations under a changing climate.
Macrosystems biology research in US lakes across space and time
As part of a dynamic multidisciplinary research team (http://csi-limnology.org/), we seek to identify and study cross-scale interactions (CSIs) at sub-regional to continental scales. A CSI exists where a driver at one scale, such as local land use, interacts with a driver at another scale, such as regional climate. These CSIs can lead to nonlinear and often unexpected relationships between drivers and responses.
Predicting population responses to climate change requires an understanding of how population dynamics vary over space and time. Although variability has historically been viewed as an impediment to understanding population responses to ecological changes, it can provide an important signal, rather than just being viewed as noise. In this project, we will build upon recently completed analyses of fish population data in the Great Lakes basin to help predict how spatial and temporal variation in fish populations may respond to climate change and other important drivers. We suggest that shifting variance structure can be indicative of population-level responses to climate change. Our proposed research will help elucidate the extent to which quantifiable responses in spatial and temporal variability occur in different forms of fish population data.
Fish Community Assessment in the Eastern Rivers and Mountains Network and Integration with Existing Monitoring Data
The National Park Service (NPS) has initiated a long-term ecological monitoring program, known as “Vital Signs Monitoring”, to provide the minimum infrastructure to allow more than 270 national park system units to identify and implement long-term monitoring of their highest-priority measurements of resource condition. The Eastern Rivers and Mountains Network (ERMN) includes nine parks in New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia which together encompass nearly 91,000 ha of land area and more than 600 stream and river miles within the parks’ authorized boundaries. A primary objective of the ERMN monitoring program is to evaluate status and trends in the condition of tributary watersheds flowing into and through member parks. Currently, the monitoring of fish communities is not part of the monitoring program. Consequently, methodology is needed to estimate the current condition of fish communities in ERMN wadeable streams in a rigorous and repeatable manner. Estimates of the current fish community’s condition at ERMN stream sites will complement data collected on an annual basis (i.e., Vital Signs Monitoring) and enable an integrated measure of ecosystem condition that can be monitored over time. The specific objectives of this study are to: (1) characterize fish communities in selected ERMN stream reaches, and (2) combine fish community data with existing monitoring data (e.g., macroinvertebrates) to provide an integrated measure of stream ecological condition.
Wagner, T., C.E. Fergus, C.A. Stow, K.S. Cheruvelil, and P.A. Soranno. 2016. The statistical power to detect cross-scale interactions at macroscales. Ecosphere 7(7):e01417.
Oliver, S.K., P.A. Soranno, C.E. Fergus, T. Wagner, L.A. Winslow, C.E. Scott, K.E. Webster, J.A. Downing, and E.A. Stanley. 2016. Prediction of lake depth across a 17-state region in the U.S. Inland Waters 6:314-324.
Davis, L.A. and T. Wagner. 2016. Scale-dependent seasonal pool habitat use of sympatric wild Brook Trout and Brown Trout populations. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 145:888-902.
Wagner, T., S.R. Midway, T. Vidal, B.J. Irwin, and J.R. Jackson. 2016. Detecting unusual temporal patterns in fisheries time series data. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 145:786-794.
Midway, S.R., T. Wagner, J.D. Zydlewski, B.J. Irwin, and C.P. Paukert. Accepted. Transboundary Fisheries Science: Meeting the Challenges of Inland Fisheries Management in the 21st Century. Fisheries.
Midway, S.R. and T. Wagner. 2015. The first description of oarfish Regalecus glesne (Regalecidae) ageing structures. Journal of Applied Ichthyology 1-4.
Soranno, P.A., K.S. Cheruvelil, T. Wagner, K.E. Webster, and M.T. Bremigan. 2015. Effects of land use on lake nutrients: The importance of scale, hydrologic connectivity, and region. PLoS ONE 10(8): e0135454.
Smith, L.A., T. Wagner, M.L. Bartron. 2015. Spatial and temporal movement dynamics of brook Salvelinus fontinalis and brown trout Salmo trutta. Environmental Biology of Fishes 98:2049-2065.
Soranno, P.A., E.G. Bissell, K.S. Cheruvelil, S.M. Collins, C.E. Fregus, C.T. Filstrup, J-F. Lapierre, N.R. Lottig, S.K. Oliver, C.E. Scott, N.J. Smith, S. Stopyak, S. Yuan, M.T. Bremigan, J.A. Downing, C. Gries, E.N. Henry, N.K. Skaff, E.H. Stanley, C.A. Stow, P-N. Tan, T. Wagner, and K.E. Webster. 2015. Building a multi-scaled geospatial temporal ecology database from disparate data sources: Fostering open science and data reuse. GigaScience 4:28.
Midway, S. R., T. Wagner, S. Arnott, P. Biondo, F. Martinez-Andrade, and T. Wadsworth. 2015. Spatial and temporal variability in growth of southern flounder (Paralichthys lethostigma). Fisheries Research 167:323-332.
DeWeber, J.T. and T. Wagner. 2015. Translating climate change effects into everyday language: an example of more driving and less angling. Fisheries 40:395-398.
DeWeber, J.T and T. Wagner. 2015. Predicting brook trout occurrence in stream reaches throughout their native range in the eastern United States. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 144:11-24.
Midway, S., T. Wagner, B. H. Tracy, G. M. Hogue, and W.C. Starnes. 2015. Evaluating changes in stream fish species richness over a 50-year time-period within a landscape context. Environmental Biology of Fishes 98:1295-1309.
Wagner, T., and S. R. Midway. 2014. Modeling spatially varying landscape change points in species occurrence thresholds. Ecosphere 5(11):145. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/ES14-00288.1
DePasquale, C., T. Wagner, G.A. Archard, B. Ferguson, and V.A. Braithwaite. 2014. Learning rate and temperament in a high predation risk environment. Oecologia 176:661-667.
Kepler, M.V., T. Wagner, and J.A. Sweka. 2014. Comparative bioenergetics modeling of two Lake Trout morphotypes. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 143:1592–1604.
Filstrup, C.T., T. Wagner, P.A. Soranno, E.H. Stanley, C.A. Stow, K.E. Webster, and J. A. Downing. 2014. Regional variability among nonlinear chlorophyll-phosphorus relationships in lakes. Limnology and Oceanography 59:1691-1703.
Perles, S.J., T. Wagner, B.J. Irwin, D.R. Manning, K.K. Callahan, and M.R. Marshall. 2014. Evaluation of a regional monitoring program's statistical power to detect temporal trends in forest health indicators. Environmental Management 54:641-655.
Deweber, J.T. and T. Wagner. 2014. A regional neural network model for predicting mean daily river water temperature. Journal of Hydrology 517:187-200.
Midway, S.M., T. Wagner, and B. Tracy. 2014. A hierarchical community occurrence model for North Carolina stream fish. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 143:1348-1357.
Lottig, N.R., T. Wagner, E. Norton Henry, K. Spence Cheruvelil, K.E. Webster, et al. 2014. Long-term citizen-collected data reveal geographical patterns and temporal trends in lake water clarity. PLoS ONE 9(4): e95769. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0095769
Levy, O., B.A. Ball, B. Bond-Lamberty, K.S. Cheruvelil, A.O. Finley, N. Lottig, S.W. Punyasena, J. Xiao, J. Zhou, L.B. Buckley, C.T. Filstrup, T. Keitt, J.R. Kellner, A.K. Knapp, A.D. Richardson, D. Tcheng, M. Toomey, R. Vargas, J.W. Voordeckers, T. Wagner, J.W. Williams. 2014. Approaches to advance scientific understanding of macrosystems ecology. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 12:15-23.
Deweber, J.T., Y., Tsang, D.M. Krueger, J.B. Whittier, T. Wagner, D.M. Infante, and G. Whelan. 2014. Importance of understanding landscape biases in USGS gage locations: Implications and solutions for managers. Fisheries 39:155-163.
Wagner, T., J.T. Deweber, J. Detar, D. Kristine, and J.A. Sweka. 2014. Spatial and temporal dynamics in Brook Trout density: implications for population monitoring. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 34:258-269.
Detar, J. D. Kristine, T. Wagner, and T. Greene. 2014. Evaluation of catch-and-release regulations on Brook Trout in Pennsylvania streams. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 34:49-56.
Soranno, P.A., K. Spence Cheruvelil, E. Bissell, M. Tate-Bremigan, J.A. Downing, C.E. Fergus, C. Filstrup, N.R. Lottig, E.N. Henry, E.H. Stanley, C.A. Stow, P.N. Tan, T. Wagner, and K.E. Webster. 2014. Cross-scale interactions: A conceptual framework for understanding multi-scaled cause-effect relationships in macrosystems. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 12:65-73.
Mollenhauer, R. T. Wagner, M.V. Kepler, J.A. Sweka. 2013. Fall and early winter movement and habitat use of wild brook trout. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 142:1167-1178.
Wagner, T. B.J. Irwin, J.R. Bence, and D.B. Hayes. 2013. Detecting temporal trends in freshwater fisheries surveys: statistical power and the important linkages between management questions and monitoring objectives. Fisheries 38:309-319.
Wagner, T. , J.T. Deweber, J. Detar, and J.A. Sweka. 2013. Landscape-scale evaluation of asymmetric interactions between brown trout and brook trout using two-species occupancy models. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 142:353-361.
Irwin, B. J., T. Wagner, J. R. Bence, M. V. Kepler, W. Liu, and D. B. Hayes. 2013. Estimating spatial and temporal components of variation for fisheries count data using negative binomial mixed models. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 142:171-183.
Sweka, J. A., T. Wagner, J. Detar, and D. Kristine. 2012. Combining Field Data with Computer Simulations to Determine a Representative Reach for Brook Trout Assessment. Journal of Fish and Wildlife Management 3:209-222.
Rennie, M.D., M.P. Ebener, and T. Wagner. 2012. Can migration mitigate the effects of ecosystem change? Patterns of dispersal, energy acquisition and allocation in Great Lakes lake whitefish (Coregonus clupeaformis). Proceedings of the 10th Annual Coregonid Symposium. Advances in Limnology 63:455-476.
Wagner, T., D.R. Diefenbach, A.S. Norton, and S.A. Christensen. 2011. Using multilevel models to quantify heterogeneity in resource selection. Journal of Wildlife Management 75:1788-1796.
Wagner, T., P.A. Soranno, K.E. Webster, and K. Spence Cheruvelil. 2011. Landscape drivers of regional variation in the relationship between total phosphorus and chlorophyll in lakes. Freshwater Biology 56:1811-1824. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2427.2011.02621.x
Soranno, P.A., T. Wagner, S. Martin, L. McLean, L. Novitski,C. Provence, and A. Rober. 2011. Quantifying regional reference conditions for freshwater ecosystem management: A comparison of approaches and future research needs. Lake and Reservoir Management 27:138-148.
Wagner, T. and J.A. Sweka. 2011.Evaluation of hypotheses for describing temporal trends in Atlantic salmon parr densities in Northeast U.S. Rivers. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 31:340–351.
Soranno, P.A., K. Spence Cheruvelil, K.E. Webster, M.T. Bremigan, T. Wagner, and C.A. Stow. 2010. Freshwater Ecosystem Classification for Landscape-scale Management. BioScience 60:440-454.
Wagner, T. and 7 coauthors. 2010. Spatial and temporal dynamics of lake whitefish (Coregonus clupeaformis) health measures: linking individual-based indicators to a management-relevant endpoint. Journal of Great Lakes Research 36:121-134.
Wagner, T., C.S. Vandergoot, and J. Tyson. 2009. Evaluating the Power to Detect Temporal Trends in Fishery-Independent Surveys: A Case Study Based on Gillnets Set in the Ohio Waters of Lake Erie for Walleye. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 29:805-816.
Wagner, T., M.E. Benbow, T.O. Brenden, J. Qi, and R.C. Johnson. 2008. Buruli ulcer disease prevalence in Benin, West Africa: associations with land use/cover and the identification of disease clusters. International Journal of Health Geographics 7:25.
Wagner, T., P.A. Soranno, K. Spence Cheruvelil, B. Renwick, K. Webster, P. Vaux, and R. Abbitt. 2008. Quantifying sample biases of inland lake sampling programs in relation to lake surface area and land use/cover. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 131-147.
Wagner, T., J.R. Bence, M.T. Bremigan, D.B. Hayes, and M.J. Wilberg. 2007. Regional trends in fish mean length at age: components of variance and the power to detect trends. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 64:968-978.
Wagner, T., M.T. Bremigan, K. Spence Cheruvelil, P.A. Soranno, N.N. Nate, and J.E. Breck. 2007. A multilevel modeling approach to assessing regional and local landscape features for lake classification and assessment of fish growth rates. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 130:437-454.
Wagner, T. A.K. Jubar, and M.T. Bremigan. 2006. Can habitat alteration and spring angling explain black bass nest distribution and success? Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 135:843-852.
Wagner, T., D.B. Hayes, and M.T. Bremigan. 2006. Accounting for multilevel data structures in fisheries data using mixed models. Fisheries 31:180-187.
Congleton, J. L., and T. Wagner. 2006. Blood-chemistry indicators of nutritional status in juvenile salmonids. Journal of Fish Biology 69:473-790.
Zabel, R.W., T. Wagner, J.L. Congleton, S.G. Smith, and S.G. Williams. 2005. Survival and selection of migrating salmon from capture-recapture models with individual traits. Ecological Applications 15:1427-1439.
Wagner, T., and J.L. Congleton. 2004. Blood-chemistry correlates of nutritional condition, tissue damage, and stress in migrating juvenile chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 61:1066-1074.
Wagner, T., J.L. Congleton, and D.M. Marsh. 2004. Smolt-to-adult return rates of juvenile chinook salmon transported through the Snake-Columbia River hydropower system, USA, in relation to densities of co-transported juvenile steelhead. Fisheries Research 68:259-270.