Bradley J. Cardinale

Bradley J. Cardinale

  • Department Head, Ecosystem Science and Management
121 Forest Resources Building
University Park, PA 16802

Areas of Expertise

  • Conservation biology, restoration ecology, ecological design, freshwater ecosystem management

Education

  • 2002 Ph.D. in Biology, University of Maryland
  • 1996 M.S. in Fisheries and Wildlife, Michigan State University
  • 1993 B.S. in Biology, Arizona State University

Dr. Cardinale is an ecologist who focuses on the conservation and restoration of biodiversity in natural systems, as well as the ecological design of human engineered systems that benefit from use of native species and biodiversity. Cardinale has published over 130 peer-reviewed papers, received more than $38 million in grant funding, and ranked as one of the world’s most highly cited researchers in the area of Environment / Ecology since 2014. Cardinale is also an elected fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), and a fellow of the Ecological Society of America (ESA).

Dr. Cardinale received his B.S. in Biology from Arizona State University in 1993, an M.S. degree in Fisheries and Wildlife from Michigan State University in 1996, followed by a Ph.D. from the University of Maryland in 2002. During his graduate studies he worked on the ecological restoration of freshwater ecosystems. He began his faculty career at the University of California-Santa Barbara as an Assistant Professor in 2005 where he worked on conservation and management of biodiversity in both aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. He then moved to the University of Michigan in 2011 where he formed and directed the Cooperative Institute for Great Lakes Research – a research institute that brought together universities, government agencies, non-governmental organizations, and private-business partners to work together on sustainable management of the Great Lakes.

In 2021, Dr. Cardinale was named Head of Penn State’s Department of Ecosystem Science and Management where he helps coordinate the research, teaching, and extension activities of more than 50 faculty and federal agency scientists and 100 graduate students who work on the sustainable management of natural and managed ecosystems.

 

Publications

Latitude dictates plant diversity effects on instream decomposition
Science advances, Boyero, Luz, Perez, Javier, Lopez-Rojo, Naiara, Tonin, Alan, Correa-Araneda, Francisco, Pearson, Richard, Bosch, Jaime, Albarino, Ricardo, Anbalagan, Sankarappan, Barmuta, Leon, Beesley, Leah, Burdon, Francis, Caliman, Adriano, Callisto, Marcos, Campbell, Ian, Cardinale, Bradley, Jesus Casas, J., None, Chara-Serna, Ana, Ciapala, Szymon, Chauvet, Eric, Colon-Gaud, Checo, Cornejo, Aydee, Davis, Aaron, Degebrodt, Monika, Dias, Emerson, Diaz, Maria, Douglas, Michael, Elosegi, Arturo, Encalada, Andrea, de Eyto, Elvira, None, Figueroa, Ricardo, Flecker, Alexander, Fleituch, Tadeusz, Frainer, Andre, Franca, Juliana, Garcia, Erica, Garcia, Gabriela, Garcia, Pavel, Gessner, Mark, Giller, Paul, Gomez, Jesus, Gomez, Sergio, Goncalves, Jose F., Jr., None, Graca, Manuel A. S., None, Hall, Robert O., Jr., None, Hamada, Neusa, Hepp, Luiz, Hui, Cang, Imazawa, Daichi, Iwata, Tomoya, Edson, S. A. Junior, None, Kariuki, Samuel, Landeira-Dabarca, Andrea, Leal, Maria, Lehosmaa, Kaisa, M'Erimba, Charles, Marchant, Richard, Martins, Renato, Masese, Frank, Camden, Megan, McKie, Brendan, Medeiros, Adriana, Middleton, Jen, Muotka, Timo, Negishi, Junjiro, Pozo, Jesus, Ramirez, Alonso, Rezende, Renan, Richardson, John, Rincon, Jose, Rubio-Rios, Juan, Serrano, Claudia, Shaffer, Angela, Sheldon, Fran, Swan, Christopher, Tenkiano, Nathalie S. D., None, Tiegs, Scott, Tolod, Janine, Vernasky, Michael, Watson, Anne, Yegon, Mourine, Yule, Catherine, 2021

Weak intra-guild predation facilitates consumer coexistence but does not guarantee higher consumer density
Ecological Modelling, Chang, Feng Hsun, Ke, Po Ju, Cardinale, Bradley, 2020

Microbiomes Reduce Their Host's Sensitivity to Interspecific Interactions
mBio, Jackrel, Sara, Schmidt, Kathryn, Cardinale, Bradley, Denef, Vincent, 2020

Hedonic Price Estimates of Lake Water Quality: Valued Attribute, Instrumental Variables, and Ecological-Economic Benefits
Ecological Economics, Moore, Michael, Doubek, Jonathan, Xu, Hui, Cardinale, Bradley, 2020

An empiricist's guide to modern coexistence theory for competitive communities
Oikos, Godwin, Casey, Chang, Feng-Hsun, Cardinale, Bradley, 2020

What determines the public's support for water quality regulations to mitigate agricultural runoff?
Environmental Science and Policy, Guo, Tian, Gill, Devin, Johengen, Thomas H., Cardinale, Bradley L., 2019

Biodiversity Improves Life Cycle Sustainability Metrics in Algal Biofuel Production
Environmental Science & Technology, Carruthers, David, Godwin, Casey, Hietala, David, Cardinale, Bradley, Lin, Xiaoxia, Savage, P, 2019

Interactions between large and small detritivores influence how biodiversity impacts litter decomposition
Journal of Animal Ecology, Tonin, Alan M., Pozo, Jesús, Monroy, Silvia, Basaguren, Ana, Pérez, Javier, Gonçalves, José F., Pearson, Richard, Cardinale, Bradley J., Boyero, Luz, 2018

Riparian plant biodiversity reduces stream channel migration rates in three rivers in Michigan, U.S.A.
Ecohydrology, Allen, Daniel C., Wynn-Thompson, Theresa M., Kopp, Darin A., Cardinale, Bradley J., 2018

Is local biodiversity declining or not? A summary of the debate over analysis of species richness time trends
Biological Conservation, Cardinale, Bradley J., Gonzalez, Andrew, Allington, Ginger R.H., Loreau, Michel, 2018

Ranking stressor impacts on periphyton structure and function with mesocosm experiments and environmental-change forecasts
PLoS One, Costello, David, Kulacki, Konrad, McCarthy, Mary, Tiegs, Scott, Cardinale, Bradley, 2018

Ecological Engineering Helps Maximize Function in Algal Oil Production
Applied and Environmental Microbiology, Jackrel, Sara, Narwani, Anita, Bentlage, Bastian, Levine, Robert, Hietala, David, Savage, P, Oakley, Todd, Denef, Vincent, Cardinale, Bradley, 2018

Biodiversity improves the ecological design of sustainable biofuel systems
GCB Bioenergy, Godwin, Casey, Lashaway, Aubrey, Hietala, David, Savage, P, Cardinale, Bradley, 2018

Ecological stoichiometry meets ecological engineering: using polycultures to enhance the multifunctionality of algal biocrude systems
Environmental Science & Technology, Godwin, Casey M., Hietala, David C., Lashaway, Aubrey R., Narwani, Anita, Savage, Phillip E., Cardinale, Bradley J., 2017

Biodiversity effects in the wild are common and as strong as key drivers of productivity
Nature, Emmett Duffy, J., Godwin, Casey M., Cardinale, Bradley J., 2017

Influence of biodiversity, biochemical composition, and species identity on the quality of biomass and biocrude oil produced via hydrothermal liquefaction
Algal Research, Hietala, David C., Koss, Cristina K., Narwani, Anita, Lashaway, Aubrey R., Godwin, Casey M., Cardinale, Bradley J., Savage, Phillip E., 2017

Biodiversity: what value should we use?
Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, Hungate, Bruce A., Cardinale, Bradley J., 2017

Demonstration of transgressive overyielding of algal mixed cultures in microdroplets
Integrative Biology (United Kingdom), Carruthers, David N., Byun, Chang Kyu, Cardinale, Bradley J., Lin, Xiaoxia Nina, 2017

Stream nitrogen concentration, but not plant N-fixing capacity, modulates litter diversity effects on decomposition
Functional Ecology, Tonin, Alan M., Boyero, Luz, Monroy, Silvia, Basaguren, Ana, Pérez, Javier, Pearson, Richard G., Cardinale, Bradley J., Gonçalves, José Francisco, Pozo, Jesús, 2017

Ecosystem services in the Great Lakes
Journal of Great Lakes Research, Steinman, Alan D., Cardinale, Bradley J., Munns, Wayne R., Ogdahl, Mary E., Allan, J. David, Angadi, Ted, Bartlett, Sarah, Brauman, Kate, Byappanahalli, Muruleedhara, Doss, Matt, Dupont, Diane, Johns, Annie, Kashian, Donna, Lupi, Frank, McIntyre, Peter, Miller, Todd, Moore, Michael, Muenich, Rebecca Logsdon, Poudel, Rajendra, Price, James, Provencher, Bill, Rea, Anne, Read, Jennifer, Renzetti, Steven, Sohngen, Brent, Washburn, Erika, 2017

Ecological interactions and coexistence are predicted by gene expression similarity in freshwater green algae
Journal of Ecology, Narwani, Anita, Bentlage, Bastian, Alexandrou, Markos A., Fritschie, Keith J., Delwiche, Charles, Oakley, Todd H., Cardinale, Bradley J., 2017

The economic value of grassland species for carbon storage
Science advances, Hungate, Bruce A., Barbier, Edward B., Ando, Amy W., Marks, Samuel P., Reich, Peter B., van Gestel, Natasja, Tilman, David, Knops, Johannes M.H., Hooper, David U., Butterfield, Bradley J., Cardinale, Bradley J., 2017

Algal polycultures enhance coproduct recycling from hydrothermal liquefaction
Agricultural Wastes, Godwin, Casey M., Hietala, David C., Lashaway, Aubrey R., Narwani, Anita, Savage, Phillip E., Cardinale, Bradley J., 2017

A general biodiversity–function relationship is mediated by trophic level
Oikos, O'Connor, Mary I., Gonzalez, Andrew, Byrnes, Jarrett E.K., Cardinale, Bradley J., Duffy, J. Emmett, Gamfeldt, Lars, Griffin, John N., Hooper, David, Hungate, Bruce A., Paquette, Alain, Thompson, Patrick L., Dee, Laura E., Dolan, Kristin L., 2017

Power of plankton: effects of algal biodiversity on biocrude production and stability
Environmental Science & Technology, Narwani, Anita, Lashaway, Aubrey R., Hietala, David C., Savage, Phillip E., Cardinale, Bradley J., 2016

Plant biodiversity effects in reducing fluvial erosion are limited to low species richness
Ecology, Allen, Daniel, Cardinale, Bradley, Wynn-Thompson, Theresa, 2016

Estimating local biodiversity change: a critique of papers claiming no net loss of local diversity
Ecology, Gonzalez, Andrew, Cardinale, Bradley, Allington, Ginger R. H., None, Byrnes, Jarrett, Endsley, K., Brown, Daniel, Hooper, David, Isbell, Forest, O'Connor, Mary, Loreau, Michel, 2016

Biotic and abiotic variables influencing plant litter breakdown in streams: a global study
Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Boyero, Luz, Pearson, Richard, Hui, Cang, Gessner, Mark, Perez, Javier, Alexandrou, Markos, Graca, Manuel A. S., None, Cardinale, Bradley, Albarino, Ricardo, Arunachalam, Muthukumarasamy, Barmuta, Leon, Boulton, Andrew, Bruder, Andreas, Callisto, Marcos, Chauvet, Eric, Death, Russell, Dudgeon, David, Encalada, Andrea, Ferreira, Veronica, Figueroa, Ricardo, Flecker, Alexander, Goncalves, Jose F., Jr., None, Helson, Julie, Iwata, Tomoya, Jinggut, Tajang, Mathooko, Jude, Mathuriau, Catherine, M'Erimba, Charles, Moretti, Marcelo, Pringle, Catherine, Ramirez, Alonso, Ratnarajah, Lavenia, Rincon, Jose, Yule, Catherine, 2016

Anthropogenic land use is associated with N-fixing cyanobacterial dominance in lakes across the continental United States
Aquatic Sciences, Doubek, Jonathan P., Carey, Cayelan C., Cardinale, Bradley J., 2015

Species richness, but not phylogenetic diversity, influences community biomass production and temporal stability in a re-examination of 16 grassland biodiversity studies
Functional Ecology, Venail, Patrick, Gross, Kevin, Oakley, Todd H., Narwani, Anita, Allan, Eric, Flombaum, Pedro, Isbell, Forest, Joshi, Jasmin, Reich, Peter B., Tilman, David, van Ruijven, Jasper, Cardinale, Bradley J., 2015

Biodiversity enhances ecosystem multifunctionality across trophic levels and habitats
Nature Communications, Lefcheck, Jonathan S., Byrnes, Jarrett E.K., Isbell, Forest, Gamfeldt, Lars, Griffin, John N., Eisenhauer, Nico, Hensel, Marc J.S., Hector, Andy, Cardinale, Bradley J., Duffy, J. Emmett, 2015

Marine biodiversity and ecosystem functioning: What's known and what's next?
Oikos, Gamfeldt, Lars, Lefcheck, Jonathan S., Byrnes, Jarrett E.K., Cardinale, Bradley J., Duffy, J. Emmett, Griffin, John N., 2015

Phylogenetic distance does not predict competition in green algal communities
ECOSPHERE, Naughton, H., Alexandrou, M., Oakley, T., Cardinale, Bradley, 2015

Evolutionary relatedness does not predict competition and co-occurrence in natural or experimental communities of green algae
PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES, Alexandrou, Markos, Cardinale, Bradley, Hall, John, Delwiche, Charles, Fritschie, Keith, Narwani, Anita, Venail, Patrick, Bentlage, Bastian, Pankey, M., Oakley, Todd, 2015

Common Ancestry Is a Poor Predictor of Competitive Traits in Freshwater Green Algae
PLoS One, Narwani, Anita, Alexandrou, Markos, Herrin, James, Vouaux, Alaina, Zhou, Charles, Oakley, Todd, Cardinale, Bradley, 2015

Further re-analyses looking for effects of phylogenetic diversity on community biomass and stability
Functional Ecology, Cardinale, Bradley, Venail, Patrick, Gross, Kevin, Oakley, Todd, Narwani, Anita, Allan, Eric, Flombaum, Pedro, Joshi, Jasmin, Reich, Peter, Tilman, David, van Ruijven, Jasper, None, 2015

Reply to comment by S. P. Ferguson and C. D. Rennie on "a mechanistic model linking insect (Hydropsychidae) silk nets to incipient sediment motion in gravel-bedded streams"
Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface, Albertson, Lindsey K., Sklar, Leonard S., Cardinale, Bradley J., 2015

Evolutionary relatedness does not predict competition and co-occurrence in natural or experimental communities of green algae
Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Alexandrou, Markos A., Cardinale, Bradley J., Hall, John D., Delwiche, Charles F., Fritschie, Keith, Narwani, Anita, Venail, Patrick A., Bentlage, Bastian, Sabrina Pankey, M., Oakley, Todd H., 2014

Do polycultures promote win-wins or trade-offs in agricultural ecosystem services? A meta-analysis
Journal of Applied Ecology, Iverson, Aaron L., Marín, Linda E., Ennis, Katherine K., Gonthier, David J., Connor-Barrie, Benjamin T., Remfert, Jane L., Cardinale, Bradley J., Perfecto, Ivette, 2014

The influence of phylogenetic relatedness on species interactions among freshwater green algae in a mesocosm experiment
Journal of Ecology, Venail, Patrick A., Narwani, Anita, Fritschie, Keith, Alexandrou, Markos A., Oakley, Todd H., Cardinale, Bradley J., 2014

Biodiversity conservation in agriculture requires a multi-scale approach
Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Gonthier, David J., Ennis, Katherine K., Farinas, Serge, Hsieh, Hsun Yi, Iverson, Aaron L., Batáry, Péter, Rudolphi, Jörgen, Tscharntke, Teja, Cardinale, Bradley J., Perfecto, Ivette, 2014

Toward a better integration of ecological principles into ecogeoscience research
BioScience, Allen, Daniel C., Cardinale, Bradley J., Wynn-Thompson, Theresa, 2014

Evolutionary history and the strength of species interactions: Testing the phylogenetic limiting similarity hypothesis
Ecology, Fritschie, Keith J., Cardinale, Bradley J., Alexandrou, Markos A., Oakley, Todd H., 2014

Biotic vs. abiotic control of decomposition: A comparison of the effects of simulated extinctions and changes in temperature
PLoS One, Boyero, Luz, Cardinale, Bradley J., Bastian, Mikis, Pearson, Richard G., 2014

Niche and fitness differences relate the maintenance of diversity to ecosystem function (vol 92, pg 1157, 2011)
ECOLOGY, Carroll, I., Cardinale, Bradley, Nisbet, R., 2014

Amechanistic model linking insect (Hydropsychidae) silk nets to incipient sediment motion in gravel-bedded streams
Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface, Albertson, Lindsey K., Sklar, Leonard S., Pontau, Patricia, Dow, Michelle, Cardinale, Bradley J., 2014

Species richness and the temporal stability of biomass production: A new analysis of recent biodiversity experiments
American Naturalist, Gross, Kevin, Cardinale, Bradley J., Fox, Jeremy W., Gonzalez, Andrew, Loreau, Michel, Wayne Polley, H., Reich, Peter B., van Ruijven, Jasper, 2014

Investigating the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem multifunctionality: Challenges and solutions
Methods in Ecology and Evolution, Byrnes, Jarrett E.K., Gamfeldt, Lars, Isbell, Forest, Lefcheck, Jonathan S., Griffin, John N., Hector, Andy, Cardinale, Bradley J., Hooper, David U., Dee, Laura E., Emmett Duffy, J., 2014

Overlooked local biodiversity loss
Science, Cardinale, Bradley, 2014

Experimental evidence that evolutionary relatedness does not affect the ecological mechanisms of coexistence in freshwater green algae
Ecology Letters, Narwani, Anita, Alexandrou, Markos A., Oakley, Todd H., Carroll, Ian T., Cardinale, Bradley J., 2013

Effects of predator richness on prey suppression: A meta-analysis
Ecology, Griffin, John N., Byrnes, Jarrett E.K., Cardinale, Bradley J., 2013

Biodiversity simultaneously enhances the production and stability of community biomass, but the effects are independent
Ecology, Cardinale, Bradley J., Gross, Kevin, Fritschie, Keith, Flombaum, Pedro, Fox, Jeremy W., Rixen, Christian, Van Ruijven, Jasper, Reich, Peter B., Scherer-Lorenzen, Michael, Wilsey, Brian J., 2013

Interactions between sea urchin grazing and prey diversity on temperate rocky reef communities
Ecology, Byrnes, Jarrett E.K., Cardinale, Bradley J., Reed, Daniel C., 2013

How does restored habitat for chinook salmon (oncorhynchus tshawytscha) in the merced river in california compare with other chinook streams?
River Research and Applications, Albertson, L. K., Koenig, L. E., Lewis, B. L., Zeug, S. C., Harrison, L. R., Cardinale, B. J., 2013

How does coarse gravel augmentation affect early-stage Chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha embryonic survivorship?
Journal of Fish Biology, Utz, R. M., Mesick, C. F., Cardinale, B. J., Dunne, T., 2013

Shared ancestry influences community stability by altering competitive interactions: evidence from a laboratory microcosm experiment using freshwater green algae
Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Venail, Patrick, Alexandrou, Markos, Oakley, Todd, Cardinale, Bradley, 2013

Consistency and sensitivity of stream periphyton community structural and functional responses to nutrient enrichment
Ecological Applications, Nelson, Craig E., Bennett, Danuta M., Cardinale, Bradley J., 2013

Abundance, size structure, and growth rates of Sacramento pikeminnow (Ptychocheilus grandis) following a large-scale stream channel restoration in California
Journal of Freshwater Ecology, Romanov, Alexander M., Hardy, Josie, Zeug, Steven C., Cardinale, Bradley J., 2012

Erratum
Nature, Cardinale, Bradley J., Emmett Duffy, J., Gonzalez, Andrew, Hooper, David U., Perrings, Charles, Venail, Patrick, Narwani, Anita, MacE, Georgina M., Tilman, David, A.wardle, David, Kinzig, Ann P., Daily, Gretchen C., Loreau, Michel, Grace, James B., Larigauderie, Anne, Srivastava, Diane S., Naeem, Shahid, 2012

Unraveling plant-animal diversity relationships
Ecology, Castagneyrol, Bastien, Jactel, Hervé, Cardinale, B. J., 2012

A global synthesis reveals biodiversity loss as a major driver of ecosystem change
Nature, Hooper, David U., Adair, E. Carol, Cardinale, Bradley J., Byrnes, Jarrett E.K., Hungate, Bruce A., Matulich, Kristin L., Gonzalez, Andrew, Duffy, J. Emmett, Gamfeldt, Lars, Connor, Mary I., 2012

Biodiversity loss and its impact on humanity
Nature, Cardinale, Bradley J., Duffy, J. Emmett, Gonzalez, Andrew, Hooper, David U., Perrings, Charles, Venail, Patrick, Narwani, Anita, MacE, Georgina M., Tilman, David, Wardle, David A., Kinzig, Ann P., Daily, Gretchen C., Loreau, Michel, Grace, James B., Larigauderie, Anne, Srivastava, Diane S., Naeem, Shahid, 2012

Niche and fitness differences relate the maintenance of diversity to ecosystem function: Reply
Ecology, Carroll, Ian T., Cardinale, Bradley J., Nisbet, Roger M., 2012

Impacts of biodiversity loss
Science, Cardinale, Bradley, 2012

Trophic ecology and population attributes of two resident non-game fishes in riverine habitat engineered to enhance salmon spawning success
California Fish and Game, Utz, Ryan M., Zeug, Steven C., Cardinale, Bradley J., Alberston, Lindsey K., 2012

How do stream organisms respond to, and influence, the concentration of titanium dioxide nanoparticles? A mesocosm study with algae and herbivores
Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, Kulacki, Konrad, Cardinale, Bradley, Keller, Arturo, Bier, Raven, Dickson, Helen, 2012

Effects of TiO2 nanoparticles on the growth and metabolism of three species of freshwater algae
Journal of Nanoparticle Research, Cardinale, Bradley, Bier, Raven, Kwan, Courtney, 2012

Effects of Nano-Titanium Dioxide on Freshwater Algal Population Dynamics
PLoS One, Kulacki, Konrad, Cardinale, Bradley, 2012

Ecological factors associated with the strength of trophic cascades in streams
Oikos, Kurle, Carolyn M., Cardinale, Bradley J., 2011

Cardinale reply
Nature, Cardinale, Bradley J., 2011

Impacts of channel reconstruction on invertebrate assemblages in a restored river
Restoration Ecology, Albertson, Lindsey K., Cardinale, Bradley J., Zeug, Steven C., Harrison, Lee R., Lenihan, Hunter S., Wydzga, M. Aleksandra, 2011

Climate-driven increases in storm frequency simplify kelp forest food webs
Global Change Biology, Byrnes, Jarrett E., Reed, Daniel C., Cardinale, Bradley J., Cavanaugh, Kyle C., Holbrook, Sally J., Schmitt, Russell J., 2011

Niche and fitness differences relate the maintenance of diversity to ecosystem function
Ecology, Carroll, Ian T., Cardinale, Bradley J., Nisbet, Roger M., 2011

The functional role of producer diversity in ecosystems
American Journal of Botany, Cardinale, Bradley J., Matulich, Kristin L., Hooper, David U., Byrnes, Jarrett E., Duffy, Emmett, Gamfeldt, Lars, Balvanera, Patricia, O'Connor, Mary I., Gonzalez, Andrew, 2011

Predictors of Chinook salmon extirpation in California's Central Valley
Fisheries Management and Ecology, Zeug, S. C., Albertson, L. K., Lenihan, H., Hardy, J., Cardinale, B., 2011