Mary Ann Victoria Bruns, Ph.D.

Mary Ann Victoria Bruns, Ph.D.

  • Professor of Soil Microbiology and Biogeochemistry
206 Agricultural Sciences and Industries Building
University Park, PA 16802

Areas of Expertise

  • Soil microbiology
  • Nitrogen cycle
  • Soil quality
  • Ecological restoration
  • Biogeochemistry


  • Ph.D., Crop and Soil Sciences, Michigan State University, 1996
  • M.A. Urban and Regional Planning, Environmental Sector, Univ. of Iowa, 1988
  • M.S. Food Science and Technology, Univ. of Nebraska, 1978
  • B.A. Microbiology, Univ. of Nebraska, 1974

Responsibilities and Interests

Research in the Bruns lab aims to gain understanding of soil microbial responses to anthropogenic disturbance and of microbes' roles in mitigating disturbance effects.

Humans are constantly altering the face of the Earth—through forest clearing, urban development, agricultural cropping, strip mining. When soils are subjected to drastic disturbances, their complex biological networks are also disrupted. Well-established interactions among roots, fungi, other microflora, and micro- and macrofauna are all destroyed once vegetation is removed and soil is upturned, buried, or eroded away. Humans have little understanding of the ecosystem services performed by these underground biological networks or the impacts their losses may have (had) on local, regional, and global biogeochemical cycles.

We are studying nitrogen transformations in agricultural soils; beneficial microbe-mineral-plant interactions in reclaimed soils; and multi-functional biological crusts on arable soils. We combine molecular, microbiological, biochemical, microscopic, and mineralogical techniques to explore microbe-mineral-plant interactions.


  • 30% Teaching
  • 70% Research

Courses Taught

  • Soil Ecology (Soils 412W, 3 cr, every fall, undergraduate)
  • Environmental Soil Microbiology (Soils 512, 3 cr, spring of even years)


Research Areas and Relevant Publications

Book Chapters

  • Bruns, Mary Ann. 2016. Bacteria, in Encyclopedia of Soil Science, 3rd ed., (R. Lal, ed.), Taylor and Francis.
  • Bruns, Mary Ann. 2014. Sustainable soil health, pp. 209-223. In Plant Biotechnology: Experience and Future Prospects. A. Ricroch, S. Fleischer, S. Chopra (eds), Springer International Publishing, Switzerland.

Soil biology and quality in ecological restoration

  • Rojas, CR, RM Gutierrez, MA Bruns. 2016. Bacterial and eukaryal diversity in soils forming from acid mine drainage precipitates under reclaimed vegetation and biological crusts. Applied Soil Ecology 105:57-66.
  • Rojas, C, CE Martinez, MA Bruns. 2014. Fe biogeochemistry in reclaimed acid mine drainage precipitates—implications for phytoremediation. Environmental Pollution 184:231-237.
  • Lupton, Mary Kay, Claudia Rojas, Patrick J Drohan, Mary Ann Bruns. 2013. Vegetation and soil development in compost-amended iron oxide precipitates at a 50-year-old acid mine drainage barrens. Restoration Ecology 21:320-328.
  • Machulla, Galina, Mary Ann Bruns, and Kate M Scow. 2005. Microbial properties of mine spoil materials in initial stages of soil development. Soil Science Society of America Journal 69:1069–1077.

Management impacts on soil microbial processes

  • Moon, J.B, DH Wardrop, MA Bruns, RM Miller, KJ Naithani. 2016. Land-use and land-cover effects on soil microbial community abundance and composition in headwater riparian wetlands. Soil Biol. Biochem. 97:215-233.
  • McDaniel, Marshall D, Jason P Kaye, Margot W Kaye, and Mary Ann Bruns. 2014. Climate change interactions affect soil carbon dioxide efflux and microbial functioning in a post‑harvest forest. Oecologia 174:1437–1448.
  • Martir-Torres, Maina C, Mary Ann Bruns. 2013. Comparative diversity and abundance of ammonia monooxygenase genes in mulched and vegetated soils. Soil Biol. Biochem. 57:758-768.
  • Adviento-Borbe MAA, Kaye JP, Bruns MA, McCoy M, McDaniel MD, and Harkcom S. 2010. Greenhouse gas and ammonia emissions in a long-term rainfed maize-based cropping systems experiment. Soil Sci Soc Am J. 74(5):1623-1634.
  • Byrne, Loren B, Mary Ann Bruns, and KC Kim. 2008. Ecosystem properties of urban land covers at the aboveground-belowground interface. Ecosystems 11:1065–1077.

Interactions between microorganisms and minerals

  • Minyard, Morgan L, Mary Ann Bruns, Laura J Liermann, Heather L Buss, and Susan L Brantley. 2012. Bacterial associations with weathering minerals at the regolith-bedrock interface, Luquillo Experimental Forest, Puerto Rico. Geomicrobiol J 29:792-803.
  • Yoon, Soh-Joung, Carolina Yáñez, Mary Ann Bruns, Nadia Martínez-Villegas, Carmen Enid Martínez. 2012. Natural zinc enrichment in peatlands: Biogeochemistry of ZnS formation. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 84:165-176.
  • Prasanna, Radha, SK Ratha, Claudia Rojas, Mary Ann Bruns. 2011. Algal diversity in flowing waters at an acidic mine drainage “barrens" in central Pennsylvania, USA. Folia Microbiol 56:491-496.
  • Minyard ML, Bruns MA, Martínez CE, Liermann LJ, and Brantley SL. 2011. Occurrence of halloysite nanotubes and bacteria in a granodiorite weathering front, Rio Icacos Watershed, Puerto Rico, Soil Sci Soc Am J. 75:348-356.
  • Buss HL, MA Bruns, MJ Schultz, J Moore, CF Mathur, and SL Brantley. 2006. The coupling of biological iron cycling and mineral weathering during saprolite formation, Luquillo Mountains, Puerto Rico. Geobiology 3: 247–260.
  • Senko, J.M., G. Zhang, G.T. McDonough, M.A. Bruns, and W.D. Burgos. 2009. Metal reduction at low pH by a Desulfosporosinus species: implications for the biological treatment of acidic mine drainage. Geomicrobiology J., 26:71–82.
  • Senko, J.M., P. Wanjugi, M. Lucas, M.A. Bruns, W.D. Burgos. 2008. Characterization of Fe(II) oxidizing bacterial activities and communities at two acidic Appalachian coalmine drainage-impacted sites. ISME J. 2:1134–1145.
  • Martínez, CE, CE Yáñez, SJ Yoon, and MA Bruns. 2007. Biogeochemistry of metalliferous peats : Sulfur speciation and depth distributions of dsrAB genes and Cd, Fe, Mn, S, Zn in Soil Cores. Environ Sci Technol. 41:5323–5329.

Biohydrogen production from wastes

  • Luo, Y.H., H. Zhang, M. Salerno, B.E. Logan, and M.A. Bruns. 2008. Organic loading rates affect composition of soil-derived bacterial communities during continuous, fermentative biohydrogen production. Internatl J Hydrogen Energy 33:6566–6576.
  • Zhang H, MA Bruns, and BE Logan. 2006. Biological hydrogen production by Clostridium acetobutylicum in an unsaturated flow reactor. Water Research 40:728–734.
  • Oh S-E, P Iyer, MA Bruns, and BE Logan. 2004. Biological hydrogen production using a membrane bioreactor. Biotechnol Bioengineering 87:119–127.

Biotreatment of animal wastes

  • Kim, J.R., J. Dec, M.A. Bruns, and B.E. Logan. 2008. Removal of odors from swine wastewater by using microbial fuel cells. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 74:2540–2543.
  • Wheeler, EF, PA Topper, RE Graves, MA Bruns, and C Wysocki. 2007. Odor reduction performance of constructed wetland treating diluted swine manure. Applied Engineering in Agriculture 23(5):621–630.
  • Castillo-Gonzalez HA and MA Bruns. 2005. Dissimilatory iron reduction and odor indicator abatement by biofilm communities in swine manure microcosms. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 71:4972–4978.

Microbial community analysis

  • Rosen, G.L., B.A. Sokhansanj, R. Polikar, M.A. Bruns, J. Russell, E. Garbarine, S. Essinger, N. Yok. 2009. Signal processing for metagenomics: Extracting information from the soup. Current Genomics 10:493-510.
  • Turich, C, KH Freeman, MA Bruns, M Conte, AD Jones, and SG Wakeham. 2007. Lipids of marine Archaea: Patterns and provenance in the water-column and sediments. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 71:3272–3291.
  • Zhang, H, Logan BE, Regan JM, Achenbach LA, Bruns MA. 2005. Molecular assessment of inoculated and indigenous bacteria in biofilms from a pilot-scale perchlorate-reducing bioreactor. Microbial Ecology 49:388–398.

Current postdoctoral scholar

  • Arnab Bhowmik, Ph.D. Soil Science

Current students

  • Emily Ball, M.S. Soil Science
  • Mara Cloutier, Ph.D. Soil Science

M.S. Graduates

  • Pauline Wanjugi, M.S. Soil Science (2008), Integrated Biosciences Ph.D. program, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL
  • Mary Kay Lupton, M.S. Soil Science (2008), Research Technician, Soil Characterization Lab, Penn State

Ph.D. Graduates and Current Places of Employment

  • Xin Peng, Ph.D., Ecology (2016), China Green Agriculture, Inc., Xi'an, China
  • Claudia Rojas-Alvarado, Ph.D. Soil Science and Biogeochemistry (2013), Postdoctoral Fellow, Department of Hydraulic and Environmental Engineering. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile
  • Morgan L. Minyard, Ph.D., Soil Science and Biogeochemistry (2010), U.S. Department of Defense, Aberdeen, MD
  • Maina Martir-Torres, Ph.D., Soil Science and Biogeochemistry (2010), U.S. Department of State, Washington, DCYonghua Luo, Ph.D. Soil Science (2007), Postdoctoral Researcher, USDOE National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado
  • Yonghua Luo, Ph.D. Soil Science (2008), USDOE National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO; now at Abeome, Athens, GA.
  • Loren Byrne, Ph.D. Ecology (2006), Assistant Professor of Biology, Roger Williams University, Bristol, RI; now Associate Professor.
  • Jody Gibson, Ph.D. Soil Science (2005), TGE Resources, Inc., Houston, TX, now in Bakersfield, CA
  • Hugo Castillo, Ph.D. Ecology (2005), Facultad de Zootecnia, Universidad Autonoma de Chihuahua, Mexico; now at New Mexico State University.

Visiting Scholars

  • Dr. Radha Prasanna, (Sept-Dec 2010), Indian Agricultural Institute, New Delhi
  • Rosemary Gutierrez, ASM International Professorship Fellow (June-Nov 2011; Jan-May 2013), University of the Philippines--Baguio

Biotechnology Rotation Students

  • Kyle Elkin (2008–2009)
  • Jaquelyn Teresky (2009–2010)
  • Shilpa Kumar (2010–2011)

Where Are They Now?

Summer lab visitor Bernie Martir, who is an undergraduate engineering student at University of Puerto Rico-Mayaguez, made needed renovations on 'Claude the Clod', our 4000x scale model of a soil macroaggregate with its associated organisms. Thanks to Bernie's engineering and artistic talents, Claude now sports much more realistic depictions of the springtail and mite, members of the two most abundant microarthropod groups in soils. Thanks, Bernie!


Tillage intensity and plant rhizosphere selection shape bacterial-archaeal assemblage diversity and nitrogen cycling genes
Soil and Tillage Research, Cloutier, Mara, Alcaide, Tiffanie, Duiker, Sjoerd, Bruns, Mary Ann, 2023

Soil Microbes for Agriculture: Enhancing Resources for Farmer Outreach
Crop, Soils, Agronomy (CSA) News, Bruns, Maryann, Borelli, Kristy, Cloutier, Mara, 2022

Integrated weed management with strategic tillage can maintain soil quality in continuous living cover systems
Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems, McPheeters, Devyn, Karsten, H, Dell, Curtis, Karsten, Heather D., Bruns, Maryann, Dell, Curtis J., 2022

Microbes and Climate Change: a Research Prospectus for the Future
mBio, Tiedje, James M., Bruns, Mary Ann, Casadevall, Arturo, Criddle, Craig S., Eloe-Fadrosh, Emiley, Karl, David M., Nguyen, Nguyen K., Zhou, Jizhong, 2022

Ectomycorrhizal diversity on the roots of Pitch pine (Pinus rigida Mill.) saplings as influenced by remediation and soil metal content
Restoration Ecology, Eardly, Bertrand, Cloutier, Mara, Chung, Taejung, Bruns, M, Roitman, Sofia, Chung, Tae, Roitman, Sofia, Vieira, Fabricio Rocha, Bruns, Mary Ann V., Rivera, Fabricio, 2022

Sustainable soil health, Bruns, Maryann Victoria, Couradeau, Estelle, 2021

Sustainable Soil Health--Experience and Future Prospects, Bruns, Maryann, Couradeau, E, 2021

Organic fertility inputs synergistically increase denitrification-derived nitrous oxide emissions in agroecosystems
Ecological Applications, Kemanian, Armen, Saha, Debasish, Kaye, Jason P., Saha, Debasish, Kaye, Jason, Bhowmik, Arnab, Bruns, M, Bhowmik, Arnab, Wallace, John M., Bruns, Mary Ann, Kemanian, Armen R., 2021

The influence of soil amendments on a native wildflower seed mix in surface mine restoration
Restoration Ecology, Rothman, Sarah E., Cole, C. Andrew, Bruns, Maryann Victoria, Hall, Marvin H., 2021

Sorghum root flavonoid chemistry, cultivar, and frost stress effects on rhizosphere bacteria and fungi
Phytobiomes Journal, Cloutier, Mara, Chatterjee, Debamalya, Elango, Dinakaran, Cui, Jin, Bruns, Maryann Victoria, Chopra, Surinder, 2021

Recovery of waste nutrients by duckweed for reuse in sustainable agriculture: Second-year results of a field pilot study with sorghum
Ecological Engineering, Fernandez Pulido, Carlos, Caballero, Jonathan, Bruns, Maryann, Brennan, Rachel A., 2021

Hydrocarbon substrate richness impacts microbial abundance, microbiome composition, and hydrocarbon loss
Applied Soil Ecology, Bell, Terrence H., Camillone, Nina, Abram, Katrina, Abrams, Katrina, Bruns, Mary Ann, Yergeau, Etienne, St. Arnaud, Marc, St-Arnaud, Marc, 2021

Bacteria and archaea, Bruns, Mary Ann, 2021

Metatranscriptomic sequencing of a cyanobacterial soil-surface consortium with and without a diverse underlying soil microbiome
Genome Announcements, Bell, Terrence H., Trexler, Ryan V., Peng, Xin, Huntemann, Marcel, Clum, Alicia, Foster, Brian, Foster, Bryce, Roux, Simon, Palaniappan, Krishnaveni, Varghese, Neha, Mukherjee, Supratim, Reddy, T. B.K., Daum, Chris, Copeland, Alex, Ivanova, Natalia N., Kyrpides, Nikos C., Pennacchio, Christa, Eloe-Fadrosh, Emiley A., Bruns, Mary Ann, 2020

Fungal community shifts in soils with varied cover crop treatments and edaphic properties
Scientific Reports, Cloutier, Mara, Murrell, Ebony, Barbercheck, Mary, Kaye, Jason, Finney, Denise, Garcia-Gonzalez, Irene, Garc\'\ia-Gonz\'alez, Irene, None, García-González, Irene, Bruns, Mary Ann, 2020

Context, challenges, and prospects for agricultural extension in Nigeria.
Journal of International Agricultural and Extension Education, Camillone, Nina, Duiker, Sjoerd, Bruns, Mary Ann, Onyibe, None, Onyibe, J, Omotayo, A, 2020

Cyanobacterial soil surface consortia mediate N cycle processes in agroecosystems
Frontiers in Environmental Science, Peng, Xin, Bruns, Mary Ann, 2019

Innovative Technologies Can Improve Understanding of Microbial Nitrogen Dynamics in Agricultural Soils
Agricultural and Environmental Letters, Cloutier, Mara, Bhowmik, Arnab, Bell, Terrence H., Bruns, Mary Ann, 2019

Duckweed as an agricultural amendment: Nitrogen mineralization, leaching, and sorghum uptake
Journal of Environmental Quality, Kreider, Andrew, Fernandez Pulido, Carlos, Bruns, Maryann, Brennan, Rachel A., 2019

Manipulating Wild and Tamed Phytobiomes: Challenges and Opportunities
Phytobiomes Journal, Collins, Alyssa, Bell, Terrence H, Hockett, Kevin, Esker, P, Alcala-Briseno, Ricardo, Gugino, B, Alcalá-Briseño, Ricardo, Barbercheck, Mary, Peter, K, Beattie, Gwyn, Bruns, Mary Ann, Carlson, John, Chung, Taejung, Collins, A, Emmett, Bryan, Esker, Paul, Garrett, Karen, Glenna, Leland, Gugino, Beth K., Del Mar Jiménez-Gasco, María, del Mar Jimenez Gasco, M, Jimenez Gasco, Maria del Mar, Kinkel, Linda, Kovac, Jasna, Kowalski, Kurt, Kowalski, Kurt, Leveau, Johan, Myrick, J, Kuldau, Gretchen, Peter, K, Leveau, Johan, Michalska-Smith, Matthew, Salazar, Maria, Myrick, Jessica, Shade, Ashley, Peter, Kari, Stopnisek, Nejc, Tan, Xiaoqing, Vivanco Salazar, Maria fernanda, Salazar, Maria, Shade, Ashley, Welty, Amy, Stopinsek, Nejc, Stopnisek, Nejc, Wickings, Kyle, Yergeau, Etienne, Tan, Xiaoqing, Welty, Amy, Wickings, Kyle, Wickings, Etienne, Yergeau, Etienne, 2019

Iron oxide to mitigate hydrogen sulfide gas release from gypsum-bedded dairy manure storages
Transactions of the ASABE, Chen, L., Hile, M. L., Fabian-Wheeler, E. E., Xu, Z., Bruns, M. A., Brown, V., 2018

Electrochemically active microorganisms from an acid mine drainage-affected site promote cathode oxidation in microbial fuel cells
Bioelectrochemistry and Bioenergetics, Rojas, Claudia, Vargas, Ignacio T., Bruns, Mary Ann, Regan, John M., 2017

Underexplored microbial metabolisms for enhanced nutrient recycling in agricultural soils
AIMS Microbiology, Bhowmik, Arnab, Cloutier, Mara, Ball, Emily, Bruns, Mary Ann, 2017

Land-use and land-cover effects on soil microbial community abundance and composition in headwater riparian wetlands
Soil Biology and Biochemistry, Moon, Jessica B., Wardrop, Denice H., Bruns, Mary Ann V, Miller, R. Michael, Naithani, Kusum J., 2016

Sustainable soil health, Bruns, Mary Ann, 2014

Fe biogeochemistry in reclaimed acid mine drainage precipitates - Implications for phytoremediation
Environmental Pollution, Rojas, Claudia, Martínez, Carmen Enid, Bruns, Mary Ann, 2014

Plant biotechnology: Experience and future prospects, Ricroch, Agnès, Ricroch, Agn\`es, None, Chopra, Surinder, Fleischer, Shelby J., 2014