# Introduction to Measuring the Forest

## Goals for the Lesson

- Students will become familiar with and able to use new terminology correctly.
- Students will be able to calculate number of board feet in a board.
- Students will be able to calculate number of cords in firewood pile.

## Materials Needed

- calculators
- rulers
- yardsticks or metal tape measures
- "Sizing Things Up" (student information sheet)

**
State Standards Addressed:
**
E & E Standards: Renewable and Nonrenewable Resources (4.2), Agriculture and Society (4.4), and Humans and the Environment (4.8)

**Subjects Covered:
**
social studies, history, biology, ecology, math

**Topics:
**
forest inventory, difference between board foot and cubic foot,
calculating board feet, pulpwood vs. sawtimber, calculating a cord

## Methods

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Preparation
*

Get permission from a neighbor for students to be in his/her yard to measure his firewood piles, remind students one day ahead to bring metal tape measures from home (otherwise will have to carry yardsticks), copies of
"Sizing Things Up"
from
*
Trees + Me = Forestry
*
for student notebooks, get calculators.

*
Doing the Activity
*

- Introduction to the Lesson: Have students read and put in notebooks "Sizing Things Up" from Trees + Me = Forestry.
- Terms to be covered today are: pulpwood, board foot, cubic foot, cord, forest inventory. Put terms on board as they are introduced. Students will enter the terms in their journals.
- Class discussion on forest inventories, use, value, etc.

*
Steps
*

- (Experience and Share Stages) Have students practice by measuring lab tables as if they were firewood piles to determine percentage of a cord (cubic volume) in lab table.
- (Share and Process Stages) Walk over to neighbor's yard to measure the firewood piles.
- Record findings in journals.
- (Apply Stage) Have students create a model of how large a cord would be if it were all in one pile (how much space does a cord take up).

## Assessment

Students will record findings in daily journals in their notebooks.

**
Conclusion to the Lesson
**

"How many of you use firewood at home? How many of you have to help cut, load, stack firewood at home? Did you ever wonder how much wood you had actually handled in any given day?" And so on. "This will lead us into our next lesson: measuring a standing tree. Come to class tomorrow prepared to go to the woodlot."

## References

Hansen, Robert S. and James C. Finley (1996).
*
Trees + Me = Forestry.
*
University Park, Pa.: The Pennsylvania State University.

## Author

K. S. Bossert, Central Mountain Middle School, Mill Hall, PA