Keywords: watershed, water cycle, riparian zone, pollution; Lesson Plan Grade Level: tenth through twelfth grade, ecology/natural resource management class; Total Time Required for Lesson: 70-minute block (can be modified to fit different times); Setting: classroom

Goals for the Lesson

  • Students will learn about watersheds in PA.
  • Students will learn about how the water cycle works.
  • Students will learn how to properly manage watersheds.
  • Students will learn how forests effect the quality of a watershed.

Materials Needed

State Standards Addressed: E & E Standards: Renewable and Nonrenewable Resources (4.2); Ecosystems and Their Interactions (4.6); Humans and the Environment (4.8)

Teaching Model: Lecture incorporating class discussion and questions.

Subjects Covered: ecology, biology, forestry

Topics: watersheds, water cycle, proper management


  • Lecture material while having students participate by answering and asking questions and allowing them to discuss what is being learned.



FRIT Class, Dr. Sanford Smith, The Pennsylvania State University.

Swistock, Bryan, and Sanford Smith (2001). From the Woods: Watersheds . University Park, Pa.: The Pennsylvania State University.

Makuch, Joseph R. (1997). Forest Stewardship 10: Watershed Management. University Park, Pa.: The Pennsylvania State University.


Eric Broughton, Liberty Junior Senior High School